Melanoma Treatment - Melanoma Skin Cancer

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer and has been spreading like wild fire over the last decade. It is curable, but for melanoma treatment to be fully effective, early diagnosis is imperative. Melanoma treatment may take the form of surgery, chemotherapy in early stages, and biological or radiation therapies in extreme cases.

Melanoma takes on four forms. Both superficial spreading melanoma, the most common form accounting for 70% of all melanoma cases and lentigo maligna begin as flat or elevated irregularly shaped tan, brown or black patches.

Both these forms of skin cancer begin as localized tumors, but left untreated, they penetrate deeper and spread to other parts of the body. Acral lentiginous melanoma is a superficial melanoma common amongst Asians and African-Americans.

Nodular melanoma is the most severe form, beginning as invasive cancer and when malignant, shows a lump. It accounts for 10-15% of melanoma cases.

Prevention is always better than cure. Melanoma can be prevented by reducing the sun exposure, especially between 10am and 4pm with adequate clothing and sun blocks with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. Children are vulnerable to sunrays and it has been proved that juvenile sunburns greatly increase the risk of adult melanoma.

Melanoma remedy is most effective in the early stages. This means that you should be aware and alert about every symptom of the disease.

You should be especially concerned about your existing moles changing shape or color and of course, new ones appearing unexpectedly. Typical melanoma moles are lop-sided with irregular borders. Advanced melanoma moles have swellings, oozing, itching or bleeding.

Melanoma remedy varies according to the progression of the disease. Actinic Keratoses or sun damage leading to skin cancer can be treated by laser resurfacing, TCA peels or the application of Efudex cream.

In the early stages, surgery to remove the tumor and the adjacent healthy tissues is effective enough to destroy the metastatic cancer cells. The amount of tissue removed depends upon the spread of the cancerous growth.

Surgical melanoma remedy may also involve a skin graft to replenish the lost tissues. If the melanoma spreads to the lymph nodes, surgery may also involve removal of these.

Advanced melanoma treatment includes chemotherapy. This either involves the use of cancer drugs in capsule form or intravenous injections to kill the cancer cells.

Biological and radiation therapies are the last bastions of melanoma treatment. In the former, laboratory-generated cancer-combating substances called biological response, modifiers (BRMs) like tumor vaccines, interleukin-2, or interferon-alfa are administered to the melanoma patient.

Radiation therapy involves the use of x-rays to destroy cancer cells that have spread throughout the body. This form of melanoma treatment can last several sessions. Its side effects include topical redness, dryness and rashes, which disappear over time. However, changes in skin color and texture may occur after a few years.

Melanoma treatment should be undergone only under strict medical guidance to ensure complete remedy and prevent a recurrence.

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Why Visit a Dermatologist? - Skin Care and Acne Treatment

One of the most important steps in getting rid of acne is to consult a dermatologist. If you have acne and you are really serious about curing it, then you have to consider seeing a dermatologist. A dermatologist can simply be called a "skin doctor". Dermatologists are medical doctors that specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and tumors of the skin care and its appendages. However before the visit go through the following.

A visit to a dermatologist will help to determine whether you have a mild or a severe form of acne. This is very important in the treatment of acne. A lot of frustrated acne patients that have been trying home cure methods are actually people with severe acne using home cure methods that are designed for mild cases of acne. Visiting a dermatologist will save you this frustration.

Being a bit informed about your history with acne will help your dermatologist to determine the best treatment to prescribe for you. For example -when did your acne start? Do you have a history of acne in your family?

Previous treatment - Have you been taking treatment and what have you used? Let your dermatologist know about any acne medication you have taken or still taking. Also inform him if you are taking other medicine like vitamins, contraceptives etc. This will help him/her to prescribe medication that will not have negative reaction with the ones you are taking.

If you have allergies of any type -medication allergies (oral and topical), or food allergies, let your dermatologist know. In this category are also physical conditions like high humidity weather, wearing hats, that trigger acne breakouts on your skin.

Your doctor is going to ask you a lot of questions. Make sure you answer them as accurately as you can. All these will aid your doctor in making proper recommendation for the cure of your acne.

You will be given medication and instructions not only for the medicine but for the general care of your skin. Ask as many questions as you need to be sure that you understand every instruction you are given.
If you have medical concerns related to your skin or health in general, consult your doctor. Posts of this blog are for educational and informational purposes only.
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